In late June, 19 rabbis gathered in New York City for an urgent meeting. It wasn't secret, exactly, but it certainly wasn't public. The Jewish leaders—all members of the Conservative movement's Rabbinical Assembly, except for two—were there to decide what to do about intermarriage.
Since the 1970s, the Conservative movement has banned its rabbis from officiating or even attending wedding ceremonies between Jews and non-Jews. The denomination is more traditional than the Reform and Reconstructionist movements, which both allow their rabbis to decide the intermarriage question for themselves. But over time, Conservative Judaism has also been more willing to make concessions to modern life than Orthodoxy, leaving it distinctly vulnerable to challenges from within on one of its most sensitive policies.